Question 1 through 3 refers to the below excerpt.
The chart below describes the four methods used to amend the U.S. Constitution.
Four Methods of Amending the U.S. Constitution
|Method||Step 1||Step 2|
|1.||A two-thirds vote in both houses of the U.S. Congress||Ratified by three-fourths of the state legislatures|
|2.||A two-thirds vote in both houses of U.S. Congress||Ratified by ratification conventions in three-fourths of the states|
|3.||A national constitutional convention called by two-thirds of the state legislatures||Ratified by three-fourths of the state legislatures|
|4.||A national convention called by two-thirds of the state legislatures||Ratified by ratification conventions in three-fourths of the states|
The 17th Amendment
In 1787, delegates to the Constitutional Convention decided to give state legislatures the power to select U.S. senators. The purpose was to ensure that the interests of the states were represented in the national legislature. However, some argued that the people should directly elect their senators. They thought the interests of the states would be preserved because the people were the source of all government power.
The first of nearly 300 congressional resolutions calling for direct election of senators came in 1826. Over the next 85 years, an amendment to directly elect U.S. senators was debated extensively. Finally, in 1913, the 17th Amendment, which allowed for the direct election of senators, was ratified.
This excerpt is from an article published in the Washington Times in 1908.
[The] Senator . . . said [t]he reasons for this reform are thoroughly well understood. . . . [I]t will prevent the corruption of the legislatures. . . . [I]t will prevent men buying a seat in the Senate . . . [and] make the Senate more responsive to the will of the people. . . . [I]t will . . . [also make] candidates . . . campaign before the people.
This excerpt is taken from the public domain.