Question 1 through 3 refers to the below excerpt.


 

Multiple Choice Item: 1 point value

Question Overview:This question requires you to draw a contrast between the process of amending the U.S. Constitution and the process of creating federal laws. Using your own knowledge of how federal laws are made and a chart showing methods of amending the Constitution, you must analyze the major steps in each process and the governmental branch( es) involved. This question engages the reasoning skills needed to analyze both processes and identify the major difference between them.

Answer Rationale:

Option A is correct. If you selected this option, you likely noticed that the legislative branch is the only government branch mentioned on the chart. Of the three branches of the U.S. government, only the legislative is involved in the amendment process.

Option B is incorrect. When selecting this option you may have focused on the information in the right hand column of the chart which shows that legislative bodies can conclude the amendment process. However, it is also important to notice, at the bottom of the same column, that ratification conventions can end the process.

Option C is incorrect. If you selected this option, you likely noticed that both columns in the table show that state legislatures are involved in the amendment process. However, it is also important to note that state legislatures are not the only legislatures involved in the ratification process. The top two boxes of the left hand column show that the national legislative body (Congress) is also critical to the amendment process.

Option D is incorrect. If you selected option 0, you probably noticed that state governments may start the amendment process. This can occur when two-thirds of the states' legislatures agree to call a national constitutional convention. However, as shown in the top two boxes of the left hand column, an amendment may also be proposed to the American people by a two thirds vote of both houses of Congress.

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