Question 1 through 3 refers to the below excerpt.


 

Multiple Choice Item: 1 point value

Question Overview:This question requires you to analyze an article to determine the author's concern about the Constitution's original method for selecting senators. Because the concern is implied, rather than stated directly, you must do a close reading of the article, understand the available information and its context and then use reasoning skills to infer the author's message.

Answer Rationale:

Option A is correct. If you selected option A, you most likely noticed the direct statement in the article that the 17th Amendment "will prevent men buying a seat in the Senate." From this statement we can reason that, unlike the original method of electing senators, the amended version will limit the influence of the wealthy (those capable of "buying a seat").

Option B is incorrect. If you selected this option, you may have focused on the article's statement that the 17th Amendment "will also make candidates campaign before the people." However, even though debates are a frequent part of political campaigns, the article does not suggest that the Constitution's original method of selecting failed to help organize debates effectively. Instead, the statement "will also make candidates campaign before the people" makes it clear that the ratification of the 17th Amendment was about having senators elected by popular vote.

Option C is incorrect. If you selected option C, you may have focused on the article's mention of the Senate being responsive to "the will of the people" and concluded that the original method of selecting senators was not responsive to the wishes of all the people and failed to consider the welfare of the minority. However, a close reading of the excerpt provides no evidence that the original method of selecting senators lacked limits on the influence of the majority.

Option D is incorrect. If you selected this option, you may have focused on the article's statement that the 17th Amendment "will prevent the corruption of the legislature." While, in other discussions, the statement could lead us to believe that senators had been inefficient at lawmaking, the article does not present any evidence that the original method of selecting senators had created an inefficient lawmaking process.

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